Governments normally guarantee the basic human rights and physical security of their citizens. But in the disasters and emergencies this safety net disappears. Emergencies and disasters are often in a very vulnerable situation. They have no protection from their own state - indeed it is often their own government that is threatening to persecute them. If do not protect and help them once they are in, then they may be condemning them to an intolerable situation where their basic rights, security and, in some cases their lives, are in danger. Responsibility to protect human rights resides first and foremost with the states themselves. However, in many cases public authorities and government officials institute policies that violate basic human rights. Such abuses of power by political leaders and state authorities have devastating effects.
The protection of uprooted or stateless people is the core mandate of NIDA-Pakistan. The agency does this in several ways: it ensures the basic human rights of uprooted or stateless people. Longer term, the organization help IDPs, refugees and other people at risk and find appropriate durable solutions to their plight, by repatriating voluntarily to their homeland, integrating or resettling them through series of interventions. NIDA-Pakistan is promoting legal and physical protection and minimizes the threat of violence including sexual assault. It also seek to provide at least a minimum of shelter, food, water and medical care in the immediate aftermath of any emergency or disaster while taking into account the specific needs of women, children, the elderly and the disabled.
NIDA-Pakistan facilitates national responses to protection problems through a process of protection assessment, dialogue and joint planning. This includes:
- A comprehensive analysis of gaps in Social protection, human rights and the consequences of needs that remains unmet
- National consultations with governments, and persons of concern to discuss the gaps identified and to recommend measures to remedy them
- Collaborative development of a multi-year plan of action with specific projects to improve legal and Administrative capacity, enhances security, ensure basic needs are met and access to essential services assured, Expand livelihoods and facilitate solutions
To protect human rights is to ensure that people receive some degree of decent, humane treatment. Because political systems that protect human rights are thought to reduce the threat of conflict, everyone have a stake in promoting respect for human rights.