Water is the basic necessity of life but it is the dilemma of our society that a major chunk of country's population is deprived from clean drinking water and the reports of WHO, revealed that the water supplied to the citizens of many parts of the country is contaminated and not fit for human consumption. According to United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), 20 to 40 % beds are occupied in the hospitals of Pakistan by patients suffering from water related diseases. Unfortunately, most of the water sources are contaminated and there is no proper mechanism exits whereby poor people could get clean water (both biologically and chemically treated) . According to another report in Pakistan one-quarter of all people attending hospitals are ill from water-related diseases as a result of poor sanitation and lack of safe drinking water facilities. Countries providing clean water and sanitation greatly reduce child mortality.
NIDA-Pakistan WASH program provides expertise and interventions aimed at saving lives and reducing illness through global access to safe water, adequate sanitation, and improved hygiene. The WASH program's long-term prevention and control measures reduce the severe impact of WASH-related diseases by improving health, reducing poverty, and increasing economic development.
- Making Water Safe to Drink: Promoting safe water through NIDA-Pakistan's Safe Water System (SWS) and development and implementation of Water Safety Plans (WSPs)
- Improving Hygiene and Sanitation to Prevent the Spread of Disease: Improving the efficacy, sustainability, and integration of hygiene and sanitation interventions
- Responding to national Emergencies and Outbreaks: Deploying emergency response and outbreak investigation teams at the request of foreign governments
- Controlling and Eliminating Disease: Identifying WASH-related factors needed to control or eliminate Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) like Guinea worm disease
- Identifying and Characterizing Disease: Investigating the agents and causes of illness, such as diarrhea, to provide critical health data for decision making
- Training and Educating about WASH: Developing model programs and materials for public health staff training and community health promotion